Categorized | Grammar

Vrste reči u engleskom jeziku

Posted on 27 December 2010 by Dragana Amarilis

"vrste reči u engleskom jeziku"

Nadam se da nije potrebno da se podsećamo vrsta reči u srpskom jeziku, to smo davno naučili, zar ne :-).

Da vidimo kako stoje stvari u engleskom jeziku.

Vrste reči – word classes u engleskom se dele u 2 osnovne grupe.

1. Open Word Classes
2. Closed Word Classes

Evo o čemu se radi:

1. grupa, vrste reči koje su, otvorene, npr. imenice, glagoli, su one vrste reči, koje su podložne stvaranju novih reči.
2 grupa reči su zatvorene vrste reči, tj. nema novih, te koje postoje, to su te, niko neće smisliti novu reč iz te vrste. Da bude jasnije – zatvorene vrste reči su zamenice, članovi,… i to su ti koji postoje, teško da će doći do nekih promena u toj oblasti.

Da ih mi lepo nabrojimo:

1. Noun – imenice
2. Verb - glagoli
2. Adjective -pridevi
3. Adverb – prilozi
4. Pronoun – zamenice
5. Preposition – predlozi
6. Conjunction – veznici
7. Determiner – reči koje određuju imenicu, npr. članovi
8. Exclamation - uzvici

"vrste reči i engleski jezik"

Malo da pojasnimo, koristićemo znanjem proverenih i priznatih stručnjaka, link, pošto nisu svi jedinstveni, kada je ova problematika u pitanju :

1. Nouns (imenice)A noun is a word that identifies, imenice su reči, koje određuju :

- a person , lice(woman, boy, doctor, neighbor)
- a thing, predmet,neživo biće (dog, building, tree, country)
- an idea, quality, or state, ideju kvalitet ili stanje (truth, danger, birth, happiness).

2.Verbs (glagoli)

A verb describes what a person or thing does or what happens – glagoli opisuju akciju, šta se radi ili šta se dešava.

- an action, akcija – run, hit
- an event, događaj – rain, occur
- a situation, sitacija – be, seem, have
- a change, promena – become, grow

3. Adjectives (pridevi)

An adjective is a word that describes a noun, giving extra information about it, pridevi opisuju imenicu, daju dodatne informacije o imenici.

- a sweet taste
- a red apple
- a technical problem
- an Italian woman

4. Adverbs, prilozi

An adverb is a word that’s used to give information about a verb, adjective, or other adverb
, prilozi nas informišu o glagolu, pridevu ili drugom prilogu.

- He walked slowly.(glagol)
- These schemes are very clever.(pridev)
- The answer to both questions is really rather simple.(drugi prilog)

5. Pronouns (zamenice)

A pronoun is used in place of a noun that has already been mentioned or that is already known
, often to avoid repeating the noun (menjaju imenice u slučajevima, kada je imenica već pomenuta, radi izbegavanja ponavljanja) .

- Kate was tired so she went to bed.
- Harris and others like him suffer from Information Fatigue Syndrome.
- Kieran’s face was close to mine.
Anything might happen.

6. Prepositions – predlozi

Prepositions are usually used in front of nouns or pronouns and they show the relationship between the noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence (obično se koriste ispred imenice ili zamenice i pokazuju nam odnos međoma njima, kao i među nekim drugim rečima u rečenici.

- Her bag was under the chair.
- They arrived on Sunday.

7. Conjunctions – veznici
Conjunctions are used to connect phrases, clauses, and sentences(povezuju fraze,rečenice).

- You can have ice cream or strawberries.
He plays football and soccer.
The weather was cold but clear.

8. Determiners – reči koje određuju imenicu

A determiner is a word that introduces a noun, such as a/an, the, every, this, those, or many

- a cat
- this cat
- every cat

The determiner the is sometimes known as the definite article and the determiner a (or an) as the indefinite article.

Na kraju evo i podele vrsta reči u engleskom jeziku:

1. Open Word Classes

- Noun
- Verb
- Adjective
- Adverb

2. Closed Word Classes

- Determiner
- Pronoun
- Preposition
- Conjunction

Sve postove sa tematikom engleski jezik i gramatika pogledajte na engleski.amarilisonline.com. Postovi su tematski sređeni i omogućavaju vam lakšu navigaciju i pronalaženje tema za koje ste zainteresovani.

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